Nearly 150 laws Florida lawmakers have passed this year are set to go into effect Friday.
The new laws range from a record $109.9 billion budget to designating a state dessert.
Some of these measures are facing legal challenges, such as a bill that would prevent abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy and a bill that would restrict how race-related concepts are taught in schools and training in Workplace.
In all, lawmakers sent 280 bills to Governor Ron DeSantis. Of that total, 149 that were signed or were awaiting signatures on Monday had effective dates of July 1. Seventy-five took effect upon signature. Others are expected to come into effect on October 1, January 1 or at other times.
As of the end of last week, DeSantis had vetoed 11 measures passed this year.
Here are some of the bills that will become law on Friday:
BUDGET AND TAXES
- DeSantis signed a budget of $109.9 billion (HB 5001) for the 2022-23 fiscal year, which begins Friday. The record spending plan was supported by federal stimulus funds and higher-than-expected state tax revenues.
- Lawmakers passed a sweeping tax plan (HB 7071) that includes a series of sales tax “holidays” on things like back-to-school clothing and supplies and a one-month suspension of sales tax. on Gasoline in October.
- Dubbed by DeSantis the “Stop WOKE Act,” lawmakers passed a measure (HB 7) that restricts how race-related concepts are taught in schools and workplace training. It drew a legal challenge.
- Lawmakers approved a measure (SB 1048) to replace the Florida Standards Assessments Testing Program in public schools with a “progress tracking system” that would test students three times a year.
- Lawmakers passed a measure (SB 1054) that will require high school students, beginning in the 2023-2024 school year, to take financial literacy classes.
- Legislators passed a bill (HB 1467) to impose 12-year term limits on county school board members and to increase public scrutiny of school library books and instructional materials.
- In an issue that has fueled a national debate, lawmakers passed a measure (HB 1557) that prohibits teaching about sexual orientation and gender identity in kindergarten through third grade and requires that such teaching in older classes be age-appropriate. It drew a legal challenge.
- Lawmakers approved a measure (SB 7044) that requires state colleges and universities to change accreditors at the end of each accreditation cycle and revamps the tenure review process for faculty.
- Amid national legal and political battles over abortion, lawmakers passed a measure (HB 5) that prevents abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy. The law is facing a legal challenge.
- Lawmakers passed a measure (SB 1950) that will help set the stage for the Agency for Health Care Administration to award billions of dollars in Medicaid managed care contracts.
- As the use of telemedicine has increased, lawmakers have approved a bill (SB 312) that expands the power of doctors to prescribe controlled substances via telemedicine.
- Lawmakers have passed a sweeping Department of Health bill (SB 768) that will prevent license renewals for medical marijuana companies that have not begun growing, processing and selling cannabis.
- Lawmakers passed a sweeping bill (HB 3) that includes the $5,000 bonus offer as a tool to recruit law enforcement officers from other states and offers $1,000 bonuses to law enforcement officers and other first responders in Florida.
- Lawmakers have approved a plan (SB 226) that will cover veterinary costs for retired law enforcement dogs. Retired handlers will be eligible to receive up to $1,500 in annual fee reimbursement.
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND SPECIAL DISTRICTS
- In an issue stemming from Walt Disney Co.’s opposition to a new law involving teaching in schools about gender identity and sexual orientation, lawmakers passed a bill (SB 4-C ) which will dissolve the Reedy Creek Improvement District, which plays a key role for Disney. The law goes into effect Friday, starting the clock on June 1, 2023, dissolving Reedy Creek and five other special districts in the state.
- Lawmakers passed a measure (SB 105) that will allow cities and counties to restrict smoking on beaches and parks they own. They will not be able to prohibit the smoking of unfiltered cigars.
- The legislature passed a bill (HB 7055) that made a series of cybersecurity-related changes, including prohibiting local governments from paying ransoms when they fall victim to ransomware attacks.
WATER AND INFRASTRUCTURE
- Lawmakers passed a measure (SB 1038) that will give Putnam County until July 1, 2024 to conduct a feasibility study to determine if a port could be created on the St. Johns River in Palatka.
- With the state threatened by rising sea levels, lawmakers passed a measure (HB 7053) that creates a new office of resilience directly under the governor and expands the Resilient Florida grant program.
JUVENILES AND FATHERS
- Lawmakers passed a measure (HB 195) that will expand the ability of minors to have arrest records expunged if they attend diversion programs. The law will not apply to arrests for forcible crimes and crimes involving the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession or use of firearms.
- In a priority of House Speaker Chris Sprows, R-Palm Harbor, lawmakers passed a bill (HB 7065) that includes the creation of the “Responsible Parenting Initiative” within the Ministry for Children and Families .
- In a nod to the strawberry industry around Plant City, lawmakers have approved a bill (SB 1006) that designates strawberry shortcake as the official state dessert of Florida.
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